Chronic feelings of emptiness.
Types of personality disorder
Recurrent suicidal behaviour, gestures or threats, or self-harming behaviour. Impulsive and self-destructive behaviour. A pattern of unstable relationships. Persistent unstable self-image or sense of self.
Co-occurring mental health problems
Fear of abandonment. Periods of paranoia and loss of contact with reality. Co-occurring mental health problems Personality disorders often co-occur with other mental illnesses. For more information on mental illness, read the brochure What is mental illness? Harmful alcohol and other drug use often co-occurs with personality disorders, particularly borderline personality disorder. This makes treatment more complex, and effectively managing alcohol and other drug use is important.
Personality disorders | Mental Health Foundation
What are the main types of personality disorder? What causes personality disorders? What treatment is available? Where to go for help About this brochure Popular Feedback Provide feedback If you would like a response please complete our enquiries form. Comments will be used to improve web content and will not be responded to. Thank you for taking the time to provide feedback. It will be used to make improvements to this website. Page last updated: May Table of contents What is a personality disorder?
But having a family member with a personality disorder can also be distressing and stressful. Family members may benefit from talking with a mental health provider who can provide help coping with difficulties.
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
View More. I Accept. Personality Disorders What are Personality Disorders? A person with antisocial personality disorder may not conform to social norms, may repeatedly lie or deceive others, or may act impulsively. People with avoidant personality disorder may be unwilling to get involved with people unless they are certain of being liked, be preoccupied with being criticized or rejected, or may view themselves as not being good enough or socially inept. A person with borderline personality disorder may go to great lengths to avoid being abandoned, have repeated suicide attempts, display inappropriate intense anger or have ongoing feelings of emptiness.
People with dependent personality disorder may have difficulty making daily decisions without reassurance from others or may feel uncomfortable or helpless when alone because of fear of inability to take care of themselves. People with histrionic personality disorder may be uncomfortable when they are not the center of attention, may use physical appearance to draw attention to themselves or have rapidly shifting or exaggerated emotions.
A person with narcissistic personality disorder may have a grandiose sense of self-importance, a sense of entitlement, take advantage of others or lack empathy. A person with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder may be overly focused on details or schedules, may work excessively not allowing time for leisure or friends, or may be inflexible in their morality and values. This is NOT the same as obsessive compulsive disorder.
A person with schizoid personality disorder typically does not seek close relationships, chooses to be alone and seems to not care about praise or criticism from others. A person with schizotypal personality disorder may have odd beliefs or odd or peculiar behavior or speech or may have excessive social anxiety. Learn about the condition. Knowledge and understanding can help empower and motivate.
Get active. Physical activity and exercise can help manage many symptoms, such as depression, stress and anxiety. Avoid drugs and alcohol.
Alcohol and illegal drugs can worsen symptoms or interact with medications. Get routine medical care.
Join a support group of others with personality disorders. Write in a journal to express your emotions. Try relaxation and stress management techniques such as yoga and meditation. Stay connected with family and friends; avoid becoming isolated.
American Psychiatric Association.